Common Juniper

photo by Bryant Olsen CC BY-NC

Common Juniper is a spreading shrub with stiff green needles that circle the stem in groups of three. It often forms a low-lying mat but can grow to 3-4 ft tall. What appear to be blue berries are actually cones with very tightly packed miniature scales.

Common Juniper grows well on dry, rocky sites. It's extremely hardy and can be found world-wide, growing in a wide range of different habitats.

Could it be? Rocky Mountain Juniper is a tree and has scale-like needles in overlapping pairs.

Did you know? Birds enjoy the fleshy covering on the cones and play an important role in propagating further plants as the seeds only germinate once the fleshy covering has dissolved.

See Also: Balsam Fir, Douglas-fir, Engelmann Spruce, Jack Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Rocky Mountain Juniper, Spruce, Tamarack, Western Hemlock, Western Larch, Western Redcedar, Whitebark Pine